Consolidating foreign currency subsidiaries dating a saudi arabian man
Please note, such monetary items may include long-term debtors or loans but they DO NOT include trade debtors or trade creditors.
Any exchange differences that arise on a monetary item which forms part of a reporting entity’s net investment in a foreign operation is recorded in profit or loss in the individual financial statements of the reporting entity or the individual financial statements of the foreign operation (as appropriate).
The invoice will be translated into sterling at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction, i.e.
£124,138 (€180,000 ÷ 1.45) and this is the amount that will be recorded in the supplier’s purchase ledger.
Paragraph 30.2 says that an entity’s functional currency is the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates.
For example, the functional currency of a company based in the UK will be pound sterling.
As most of the group’s turnover and profits are generated in the United Kingdom, Top Co Ltd chooses to present its consolidated financial statements in Great British Pounds.
The above example is not conclusive in the UK and it might well be that a UK group has a large number of overseas subsidiaries that trade in different currencies.
Example – foreign subsidiary which is not wholly-owned Top Co Limited owns 80% of Foreign Co Inc and has accumulated exchange differences which have been recognised in other comprehensive income.
However, if consolidated financial statements are prepared where the foreign operation is a subsidiary, such exchange differences are recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated within equity and are NOT recognised in profit or loss when the parent disposes of the net investment.
The term ‘presentation currency’ is the currency in which the financial statements are presented.
If, say, 80% of a group’s profit is generated by European subsidiaries whose functional currency is the Euro, (despite the fact that the group has other functional currencies such as US Dollars and Canadian Dollars), it may adopt the Euro as its presentation currency for the purpose of consolidated financial statements.
In situations where an entity’s presentation currency differs from the entity’s functional currency, the entity must translate its items of income and expense and financial position into the presentation currency.